The most common signs and symptoms of high blood sugar i.e. hyperglycemia include high blood sugar, high levels of sugar in the urine, frequent urination, and increased thirst.
High blood sugar or hyperglycemia occurs when there is too much sugar in blood i.e. when there’s a buildup of excess glucose in the bloodstream. It can cause damage to your nerves, blood vessels, and organs. In the long run, high blood sugar can cause heart stroke, vision loss, nerve damage, neuropathy, erectile dysfunction, intestinal problems such as chronic constipation or diarrhea.
Types of high blood sugar
- Fasting hyperglycemia: It occurs when blood sugar is higher than 130 mg/dL.
- Postprandial hyperglycemia: Postprandial or after-meal hyperglycemia is blood sugar is higher than 180 mg/dl.
Signs & symptoms of high blood sugar include:
- Increased thirst, hunger, stomach pain, and weight loss.
- Dry mouth and itchy skin.
- High levels of sugar in the urine.
- Headaches, fatigue, tiredness, tingling hands, and feet.
- Frequent urination i.e. you have to visit the bathroom more than usual.
- Fatigue, nausea, and vomiting are common symptoms.
- A rapid heartbeat.
- Blood sugar more than 180 mg/dL.
- Have blurred vision because extra sugar gets trapped in the lens in the middle of the eye causing a hazy vision.
- Gum diseases can also make blood sugar rise.
What causes high blood sugar?
- Skipping or forgetting your insulin medication.
- Stress is one of the prime causes of high blood sugar levels.
- Less than usual physical activity.
- Take part in strenuous physical activity.
- Diabetic ketoacidosis develops when your body doesn’t have enough insulin.
- Pancreatitis i.e. inflammation of the pancreas.
- Hyperthyroidism i.e. overactive thyroid gland.
- Being overweight or inactive.
High blood sugar: Who’s at risk?
- High blood sugar i.e. hyperglycemia affects people who have diabetes.
- It can also occur if you don’t regulate and monitor your blood sugar properly.
- Drinking too much alcohol can also increase the risk of high blood sugar.
Natural home remedies for high blood sugar:
- Follow your meal plan or diet plan, exercise regularly and a routine check-up is always advisable by the doctors.
- Keep an eye on your blood sugar and glucose level.
- Check your blood sugar levels daily with a glucose meter (a device that allows frequent monitoring of blood glucose levels).
- Take medications as the doctor prescribes and avoid steroids.
- Reduce the intake of carbs and fatty foods in your meal.
- Keep a check on your weight because the planned diet will help you keep a tap on weight gain.
When to visit a doctor?
If high blood sugar signs or symptoms such as increased thirst, fatigue, shortness of breath, stomach pain, frequent urination, nausea, and vomiting persist for more than two weeks without improvement and make your routine tasks difficult, it is time to consult a doctor or medical practitioner for an examination. It’s very important to treat symptoms at an early stage of high blood sugar to help prevent complications.